Broken Flowers is a 2005 French-American comedy-drama film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch and produced by Jon Kilik and Stacey Smith.
8½ (Italian title: Otto e mezzo [ˈɔtto e mˈmɛddzo]) is a 1963 semi-autobiographical comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini. Co-scripted by Fellini, Tullio Pinelli, Ennio Flaiano, and Brunello Rondi. Shot in black-and-white by cinematographer Gianni di Venanzo, the film features a soundtrack by Nino Rota.
Its title refers to it being Fellini’s eighth and a half film as a director. His previous directorial work consisted of six features, two short segments, and a collaboration with another director, Alberto Lattuada, the latter three treated as “half” films. The plot concerns a director (played by Marcello Mastroianni) who suffers from stifled creativity as he attempts to direct an epic science fiction film.
The corridor fight scene took seventeen takes in three days to perfect, and was one continuous take — there was no editing of any sort except for the knife that was stabbed in Oh Dae-su’s back, which was computer-generated imagery. Though the scene has often been compared visually to side scrolling beat ’em up video games, director Park Chan-wook has stated that the similarity was unintentional.
Phantom rides or panoramas were an early genre of film popular in Britain and the US at the end of the 19th century. Pre-dating true narrative, the films simply show the progress of a vehicle moving forwards, usually shot by strapping a cameraman to the front. The term phantom ride was applied because the position of the camera meant that only the track and scenery could be seen and the movement appeared to be coming from an invisible force. Though many early films showed local tracks the demand for new footage led to more exotic locations being filmed. This brought a new dimension to the genre, showing foreign lands to those who would otherwise never see them. The genre is also significant, despite its short-lived popularity, due to the role it played in the development of the tracking shot, longer films and film editing, as well as its re-emergence in 4D film and simulation.